The Inca empire (the inca history)
The Tawantinsuyo’s most powerful Inca rulers were known as the Inca Empire, which was one of South America’s most powerful and highly advanced civilizations. It was at its most prosperous between 1438 and 1533, and its legacy is still being carried on today. The Inca civilization was extraordinarily well organized, with a government, language, religion, and engineering system that had a profound and long-term impact on the rest of the world.
This vast kingdom was governed by a succession of rulers known collectively as the SAPA INKA. While some emperors were noted for their exemplary leadership, others were notorious for their autocratic reigns.
Let’s learn about the Incas history monarchs, shall we?
Who precisely were the Incas age of empires?
The Incas history are a Peruvian ethnic group that originated in the Cusco area. They began to develop their empire in the early 13th century, and by the time the Spanish came in 1533 to conquer the area (which they did), they had a dominion stretching from Ecuador to Chile. This kingdom was controlled by the Sapa Inca, of whom there were numerous during the course of its long history.
Pachacuti, who was responsible for a substantial expansion of the empire; Tupac Amaru, the penultimate Inca Emperor to govern before the Spanish invasion; and Atahualpa, who was executed by the Spanish after being captured by them, were the most well-known Inca Emperors. A significant number of other, lesser-known emperors ruled for shorter periods of time.
The first Inca Kings, often referred to as the “legendary Incas age of empires. because their existence is intertwined with mythology, are said to be descended from the sun god, and they wielded enormous power over the people who lived under their rule in the Inca Empire. These monarchs ruled over a relatively tiny population in the Cusco valley (also known as Hurin Qosqo).
Capac, Manco (1200-1230).
The man who would go on to construct the empire led the unity of the kingdom of Cusco and the march of his people to establish the Inca Empire in the 12th century. Both he and his wife, Mama Ocllo, were the progeny of the sun-deity Inti. They began at Lake Titicaca and grew into an empire that finally dominated all others.
Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo were both crucial in restoring order across the area and among the population. They taught them farming, house building, and clothing production. They played an important role in the Inca Empire’s climb to prominence.
Roca Sinchi (1230–1260)
The second Inca monarch was the legendary Inca king Sinchi Roca. He was the son of Manco Capac and his father’s wife, Mama Ocllo. He subdued the ayllus, commonly known as the communities, in the Cusco valley.
Yupanqui, Lloque (1260–1290).
Sinchi Roca and Mama Qora were the parents of the legendary third Inca ruler, their son. At this time, he started construction of the Acllahuasi, also known as the Virgins of the Sun.
Cápac Mayta (1290–1320)
He ascended to power as the fourth Inca ruler as the son of Lloque Yupnaqui and Mama Qahua and was successful in subduing the nearby Alcabisas and Culunchimas tribes.
Yupanqui Cápac (1320–1350)
The fifth Inca emperor was in charge of building a great number of structures in Cuzco, including bridges, roads, and aqueducts.
Roca Inca (1350–1380).
According to legend, the sixth legendary Inca ruler fought the Chancas and created the first Yachaywasi, which were schools for noble education.
Huácac Yáhuar (1380-1410)
Because the Sinchi Today Ccapac of the Ayarmacas kidnapped him as a child and tortured him to scream blood, he was given the name Yahuar Huacac, which translates to Known as “the one who cries blood.” People started to refer to him by this title as a result of what happened. Despite the fact that he was conceived by Mama Chikwa, Inca Roca was the one who gave birth to him.
Viracocha (1410–1438) was a Spanish nobleman.
He was not Yahuar Huacac’s son but rather a member of the royal dynasty created by Hanan Qosqo. During the Chanka invasion, he managed to flee to the Sacred Valley, but he died there before appointing a successor to his post.
The legendary Inca Emperors
The Inca Empire reached its greatest size under the reign of these monarchs, stretching from Ecuador to Chile. They were superb military leaders who were responsible for the Tawantinsuyo’s conquest of a large area.
Pachacuti (1438–1471) was a Peruvian explorer.
Pachacuti was the ninth Sapa Inca of the Tawantinsuyo and is recognized as one of the most powerful Inca monarchs. He was also the Tawantinsuyo’s king. When he initially came to power, he made a name for himself by defeating the Chanka tribe and expanding the Inca Empire into new territories. Pachacuti also instituted a variety of reforms that aimed to fortify the empire on all fronts, including the political, economic, and military.
He built a variety of magnificent structures, including Machu Picchu, as well as an elaborate network of roads and bridges. Pachacuti ruled the Inca Empire during its most rich and strong time, which lasted the whole of his reign.
Tupac Yupanqui (1471–1493) was a native of Mexico.
Tupac Yupanqui, the ninth Inca emperor of Tawantinsuyo, was his name. He reigned from 1471 until 1493. His reign was distinguished by territorial expansion, most notably the conquest of the Kingdom of Chimor, which was one of his most famous accomplishments. Easter Island was one of the destinations he visited while serving as an explorer.
Huayna Capac (1493–1527) was a Peruvian leader.
King Huayna Capac of the Incas was the Inca Empire’s 11th emperor and is often recognized as one of its most successful commanders. He oversaw a period of exceptional economic and political stability while expanding the empire to its greatest extent. During his tenure as Inca, he built a vast number of new roads and temples, as well as a massive irrigation system.
Huayna Capac was born in 1468 and came to the throne in 1493. The conquest of further regions in what is now Ecuador and Chile signified the beginning of his rule. Huayna Capac died in 1527 as a result of smallpox, which the Spaniards brought to Central America.
Huascar (1527–1532) was a native of Peru.
The Kingdom of Cuzco was controlled by Huascar, the 12th Sapa Inca of the Inca dynasty, until the Spanish arrived and conquered it. He was born in 1527 and succeeded his father, Huayna Capac, as Inca ruler when he died in 1532. During his brief reign as emperor, Huascar tried to quell an uprising headed by his half-brother Atahualpa, who had crowned himself emperor of a rival kingdom headquartered in Quito.
Huascar’s efforts, however, proved futile. A civil war erupted as a consequence of the two brothers’ sibling rivalry, which was settled when Athaualpa’s troops kidnapped and murdered Huascar in 1533.
Atahualpa (1532–1533) was a native of Peru.
The Inca Empire’s last king, Atahualpa, was named after a mountain in Peru. He barely ruled for a year, from 1532 to 1533, before being captured and executed by Spanish conquistadors. After defeating his half-brother Huáscar in a civil war, Atahualpa was able to accede to the throne. Atahualpa’s rule was cut short in November 1532, when Spanish forces led by Francisco Pizarro captured and killed him. Despite Atahualpa’s claims that he would fill a chamber with gold and silver in exchange for Pizarro’s freedom, Pizarro issued the order to have him executed.
The command of Pizarro was followed. The assassination of Atahualpa effectively ended the Incas’ resistance to the Spanish invasion and marked the beginning of Spanish dominance over Peru.
The final Inca dynasty to rule
They are acknowledged as the rulers of the Neo-Inca State and the Inca kings of Vilcabamba, the Incas’ last capital city.
Inca, Manco (1533–1536)
Despite the fact that Manco Inca was a puppet Inca Emperor chosen by Francisco Pizarro, he was the founder of the Neo-Inca State at Vilcabamba and later became its ruler, known as Sapa Inca. Manco collected a considerable army and made an attack on the city around Easter in 1536. The Inca battalions successfully conquered the Sacsahuaman castle, which was situated on a hill overlooking Cuzco, and launched an attack on the Spanish from there. In 1544, Manco Inca was forty years old when he was killed by Diego Mendez, a Spanish conqueror.
Tupac Sayri (1544–1566)
Sayri Tpac Inca was born in the village of Vilcabamba in the year 1534. He was the Inca Empire’s last Sapa Inca. His father, Manco Inca Yupanqui, and mother, Queen Cura Ocllo, were the ones who gave birth to him. Sayri Tupac was promoted to the post of Sapa Inca at the age of nine when his father died in 1544. Sayri Tupac traveled to Lima in 1588, when he renounced his Inca title and accepted baptism under the name Diego Sayri Tupac.
In addition, he was appointed Prince of Yucay, which gave him access to farms and other important properties; he never returned to Vilcabamba.
Titu Cusi Yupanqui (1563–1571) was a native of Ecuador.
Titu Cusi succeeded to the throne of Vilcabamba after the death of his half-brother Sayri Tupac and ruled there until his own death. He reigned until 1571, the year in which he died, perhaps from sickness. Martin de Pando and the Augustinian Friar Diego Ortiz, on the other hand, were hanged for their suspected complicity in the king’s poisoning.
The book Titu Cusi and Martin Pando cooperated on is titled “An Inca Account of the Conquest of Peru,” and it is available on Amazon.com.
Tupac Amaru I, the son of Manco Inca Yupanqui, ruled the Inca empire from 1571 until 1572. When Titu Cusi died in 1571, the surviving Inca generals conferred upon him the title of Sapa Inca. The most recent violent disputes in the Vilcabamba region started with him.
Because Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza had only just arrived in Peru and believed Titu Cusi was still alive, he sent ambassadors to negotiate a formal peace and highland submission. Because he was worried by their quiet, the viceroy sought a means of communication with them. When Cuzco’s envoy, Atilano Ayala, was executed in March 1572, tensions between the two groups rose.
Captain Garcia de Loyola successfully apprehended Tupac Amaru on September 21, 1572, and the prisoners were brought to Cuzco. After being cut from his body and decapitated in Cusco’s main plaza, the last Inca ruler’s head was exhibited for two days. The name “San Francisco de la Victoria” was given to the city that functioned as the Incas’ capital during their last rule.
Amaru Tupac II
Tupac Amaru II was a notable indigenous leader who led an insurgency against the Spanish in the late 18th century. He was born in the Peruvian Cusco Region in the year 1738 in the village of Tinta. His real name was Jose Gabriel Condorcanqui, but he subsequently changed it to Tupac Amaru, the name of his Inca ancestor. His given name was originally José Gabriel Condorcanqui.
Tupac Amaru II led a large-scale rebellion against Spanish colonial authority in 1780. This insurgency was the result of years of growing dissatisfaction with Spanish rule. The insurrection quickly spread across the southern Andes. Finally, the Spanish were able to put a stop to the insurrection, and Tpac Amaru II was caught and executed in 1781. His martyrdom served as an incentive for later indigenous revolutions against Spanish rule in Peru and elsewhere in South America.