The Inca Religion Since the Incas Times

The Inca’s most prominent deities and religious traditions

A civilization known as the Incas arose and became exceedingly sophisticated in South America around the 14th century. Despite the fact that much of their technology and buildings are no longer in use, much of their culture and religion have been preserved. In this post, we will look at the variables that contribute to the Inca gods’ importance.

The Incas practiced polytheism, and Inca followers worshiped numerous gods at the same time as part of their religious practice. Although Inti was the most adored of their gods, Mama Killa (the moon goddess), Illapa (the deity of thunder), and Pachamama (the earth goddess) were other major deities.

The Incas believed that the gods could directly influence their lives and speak with them on a personal basis. As a consequence, the Incas would sacrifice animals and costly objects to please these gods and maintain natural order.

A major concept of Inca religious practice was the need to pay honor to one’s forefathers. The Inca thought that their forefathers had a particular relationship with their gods and that these gods guided and controlled their destiny by speaking on their behalf. They cared deeply for the elderly and wanted to ensure their happiness in the hereafter.

The Inca religion emphasized the concept of reciprocity as a major element. The Inca thought that if they revered and adored their gods, the gods’ favor would be repaid in kind. Giving back to others was ingrained in every aspect of their way of life.

The Inca religious tradition’s history

The Inca religion arose from the religious traditions of various Andean cultures. The Tiwanaku civilization was a significant source of inspiration for them before the Inca Empire and controlled Lake Titicaca before the Incas unified under their empire.

In Inca religion, Viracocha was regarded as the ultimate deity. They thought he was to blame for everything. Unfortunately, Spain’s invasion of South America ended both their empire and religion, but the indigenous people who still live in the Andean mountains have kept their beliefs and rites.

The carrying out of rituals and ceremonies

The Inca religion was filled with rites and rituals done in order to gain the favor and acceptance of the gods. As the people gathered, they performed a variety of ceremonies, including sacrifices, processions, feasts, dances, and musical performances.

Capac Cocha, commonly known as the Human Sacrifice, was an ancient Inca rite that featured human sacrifice. They expected the gods to look kindly on it and grant them their benediction. Infants and prisoners of war were supposed to have fewer ties to this world and be more ready to give up their lives.

Inti Raymi Festival


Every year, the Peruvian city of Cusco organizes the Inti Raymi Festival, which combines religious and cultural events. This event is conducted once a year on June 21st, which also happens to be the winter solstice, in honor of Inti, the Inca deity of the sun. This event offers a variety of fascinating activities for visitors to enjoy, such as traditional dances and musical performances. As a consequence, this area has become a famous tourist attraction.

Capac Raymi

This ceremony was done to commemorate the start of agricultural work around the summer solstice. People would celebrate the start of agricultural activities at the time by doing agricultural work, performing religious ceremonies, and thinking specific Llamas to be holy in the hopes of having a fruitful season ahead of them.

According to Inca religious philosophy, the afterlife

The Inca religion emphasized the importance of an afterlife as well as being reincarnated. Many individuals believed that their loved ones would ultimately return to them after death, giving them the impression that they were part of a larger community and family unit. After death, reincarnation permitted their spirits to return to another person’s or animal’s body.

At the beginning of the 16th century, Spanish conquistadors propagated Christianity over North and South America, having a major influence on the indigenous peoples of the Americas and their ancient religious rituals.

The original peoples that resided there were soon converted to Christianity by the Spanish conquerors, a process known as forceful conversion, which frequently involved the use of violence or intimidation. Furthermore, they often demolished indigenous peoples’ temples and idols and prohibited old religious traditions.

Indigenous people gradually converted to Christianity while continuing to practice and believe in many of their ancient religious ceremonies and beliefs. This fusion of Christianity and indigenous spiritual traditions may still be seen throughout most of North and South America today.

The Inca religion’s most prominent deities

The Incas worshiped a large number of deities. Polytheism was an important part of their religious practice. Their religion was based on three major deities: Inti, the sun god; Viracocha, the deity of creation; and Pachamama, the goddess of fertility.

Inti Inti, also known as Inte, was an important divinity in Inca religion. Many people thought he was Viracocha’s offspring and that he was the source of both life and light. Peruvians worshiped Inti as either their sun deity or their fire god, and the city of Cusco was particularly committed to his faith.


Most people’s mental picture of Inti used to be of a golden disk with rays coming from it. People sometimes perceived him as having human characteristics. People connected the hues red and yellow with the warmth and brightness of the sun, as well as gifts of gold, silver, or copper, since Inti valued these metals highly. Furthermore, people thought that the colors red and yellow were linked with presents. The Incas thought that each morning when Inti came from his cave in the east, he brought light into the world, and that each night when he went home, he brought darkness into the world. People also thought that when he died, he would usher in a period of global sadness.

Celebration of the Inti Raymi festival, which had significant value for the Incas and is still observed by indigenous tribes in Peru. People gave sacrifices to Inti as part of the yearly winter solstice ritual. This was done to guarantee that Inti rose each morning, bringing light and vitality to our planet. Indigenous peoples commemorate this occurrence to this day!

Mama Killa, it’s the moon.

Mama Killa was an Inca deity who played an important part in their religion. She was worshipped as a patron goddess by both aristocrats and commoners, and she was regarded as the “mother of the dead.” Her temple was discovered in Cusco, Peru’s capital. Mama Quilla was a fertility goddess who supervised crop growth and the birth of healthy children. She was also related to the land’s fertility.

Wiracocha and Viracocha are indigenous peoples of Peru.

Viracocha, also known as Wiracocha, was adored throughout the Inca empire as the ultimate manifestation of a deity. They saw him as an old man with long hair who wore llama-hide garments. These people thought he was the creator of all things and the source of the planet’s light and brilliance. Furthermore, the Incas believed that he would one day return to the globe and usher in an era of peace and prosperity.

Viracocha was honored through the construction of temples and shrines in his honor. It was vital to make sacrifices in order to gain his approval and earn his affection. Many communities in Peru, Bolivia, and Chile still regard Viracocha as a prominent person. His image may be seen practically everywhere, including in paintings, sculptures, and artwork placed in public places throughout the three nations.

Mother Earth is also known as Pachamama.

The Incas venerated Pachamama, also known as Mother Earth, as the source of all life on Earth. They thought she resided amid the mountains, rivers, and lakes as an all-knowing and all-powerful feminine figure. They thought she was the link between all living things and supplied food and other essentials for survival.


The Incas believed that if they acted appropriately toward Pachamama, she would give them whatever they needed. They honored her by performing expensive rites and erecting temples completely devoted to her adoration. People in South America still revere her and offer sacrifices as a form of devotion.

Mama Cocha is the sea’s mother.

Mama Cocha, an Inca deity, is linked with the sea. This symbol not only helps sea life be productive and vigorous, but it also protects mariners and sailors.

In ancient Peruvian religion, Pachacamac is the god of earthquakes.

People in the Andean highlands and along the coast venerated Pachacamac as the creator deity, but they often confused him with Viracocha (for more information on Viracocha, see the section above). His house was built on a hill above Lima, in an area prone to earthquakes and other natural disasters, all of which merited his respect.

Illapa, the Thunder and Lightning God

Lightning, rain, and hailstorms were all thought to be under the control of the deity Illapa, who was thought to be in charge of the weather. Llama fetuses, which were thought to satisfy this god, were among the gifts given to Illapa with the aim of averting calamity and appeasing him.

Kuychi is also known as the Rainbow.

People revered Kuychi because they thought he was the deity responsible for the Peruvian land’s rain and fertility. Many people gave him presents such as llamas and other animals as a form of tribute. Children were sometimes offered to Kuychi as a form of gratitude. His celebrations were often held around the month of December, which was Peru’s wettest month of the year.

Chaska is one of the bright spots.

Chaska, an Inca song, is about the stars. They had the idea of having a lot of power and would often give things in exchange.

Supay, sometimes referred to as the Death God

Life and death are inextricably intertwined in Andean cosmovision: we are born into this world, travel through several phases, only to die and be raised at some point. Supay is the goddess of death in Andean mythology. She is venerated as a significant divinity since she is in charge of guiding the spirits of the deceased into the afterlife.

Ekkeko was regarded as the god of wealth in Inca mythology. Ekkeko is often depicted in popular culture as an elderly guy with a potbelly, a large nose, long flowing strands of hair, a cap, and a variety of baskets full of items on his back. Many people think that if they satisfy God with their financial contributions, he will shower them with good fortune and luck in their lives. He is sought after for his knowledge by a large number of enterprises and families.

The Inca Religion’s Sacred Animals

The Inca religion worshiped a broad range of animals. Pumas, condors, and serpents were very important in the environment. A variety of other animals involved in this tradition were also associated with distinct meanings.

The Incas thought that the universe could be split into three distinct kingdoms, known as the Inca Trilogy. In Ukju Pacha, which depicted what happens after death and was home to the gods in Hanan Pacha (where the sun rose each morning), people lived in Kay Pacha (where the moon set each night), while the condors, oumas, and snakes lived in Hanan Pacha (where the sun rose each morning).

The condor is a kind of bird.


The condor was thought to be a messenger sent by the gods in ancient times. As a consequence, the condor was often used in religious ceremonies and celebrations. The Incas thought that this bird could soar higher than any other and that its location in the sky could prophesy the future.

Puma makes the sneakers.

The Incas revered the puma as a holy animal because they felt it could aid them on their journey through life. They referred to it as Kay Pacha because they felt it safeguarded houses and families while also serving as an emblem of our planet.

The venomous reptile

The Inca thought that snakes had particular abilities and could assist them in communicating with Ukju Pacha, another name for the underworld.

Llamas were cherished and revered by the Inca people. Because the Incas employed llamas for transportation as well as the production of meat and wool, these animals played an important role in their religion. Furthermore, many Incas thought that llamas were divine gifts to help in the conduct of important rites.

The cunning one’s

The Incas admired the fox for its cunning and cleverness, since it was always able to find a way to succeed. People ascribed its cleverness and craftiness to Wiracocha, the deity they thought created it.

The canine or dog

The Incas considered dogs to be holy creatures that might aid the soul in its journey to the afterlife. As a consequence, as a sign of respect, people buried their dogs with their loved ones, thinking that they would keep any undesirable spirits away from gravesites. Furthermore, the Incas thought that dogs could guard gravesites from bad spirits.

That adorable teddy bear


Ancient warriors venerated the bear as a sign of strength, power, and bravery, and as a consequence, the bear was resurrected after being slain in combat to preserve it. Many people took it as evidence that thought might overcome matter and function as a powerful defender.

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