Lima – Perú (What to do in Lima City)
Lima, the country’s capital and biggest city, is situated on the dry Pacific coast of Peru, where the majority of the country’s population lives. As one of the most populated cities in South America, the city has a population of around 10 million people, making it one of the most populous cities in the world. Lima is the political, cultural, financial, and economic heart of Peru and is noted for its extensive history, stunning architecture, bustling culinary scene, and diversified cultural offerings.
Lima is also the country’s largest city. Lima, the capital of Peru, was established in 1535 by the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro. From the time of its founding until Peru’s independence in 1821, Lima served as the center of Spanish power in South America. The city is loaded with colonial architecture that has been meticulously kept and is home to a number of archaeological monuments, some of which date back thousands of years.
Places of Historical Interest to See in and Around Lima Peru
Lima, the capital city of Peru, is a metropolis that successfully combines its significant historical past with its vibrant contemporary culture. For centuries, it served as the epicenter of Spanish dominance in South America; today, it is home to a plethora of historical landmarks that provide insight into the region’s complex history. The following is a list of some of the most important historical locations that you should think about visiting:
Take a stroll around Lima’s historic center.
The Historic Center of Lima, sometimes referred to as the Cercado de Lima, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that serves as a witness to the city’s colonial history. The historic center of Lima is also recognized as the heart of the city. It was founded in 1535 by the Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro, and it was thought to be the most important city in Spanish South America for the next three centuries.
Plaza Mayor, also known as Plaza de Armas, is considered to be the “cradle” of the city of Lima due to the fact that it was here in 1535 that Francisco Pizarro established the city. The plaza is encircled by significant structures, including the Palace of the Union, the Palace of the Government, the Municipal Palace, the Archbishop’s Palace of Lima, and the Cathedral of Lima.
Basilica Cathedral of Lima: This magnificent cathedral was finished in 1538 and was known for housing Francisco Pizarro’s grave when it was consecrated. As a result of the damage caused by earthquakes, the cathedral has undergone various reconstruction and renovation projects.
The President of Peru calls the Government Palace, sometimes known simply as the Palace, his official home. It was built on top of a significant Indian burial place known as Waka, which was home to a temple dedicated to the leader of the Taulichusco tribe. Since it was first built in 1535, it has gone through a number of different incarnations throughout that time.
Lima Historical Center
The Archbishop’s Palace in Lima is a remarkable edifice designed in the neo-colonial style. It is famous for the superb wooden balconies that it has.
The Municipal Palace, also known as City Hall, is another wonderful specimen of the colonial architecture that can be seen in this neighborhood. It can be found on the Plaza Mayor.
This edifice, known as the Palace of the Union, is where the Peruvian Union Club, an influential Peruvian social organization, has its administrative offices.
The Monastery of San Francisco is a chapel and convent that dates back to the 17th century and is located only a few streets away from the Plaza Mayor. It is well-known for its Spanish Baroque architecture, library, and catacombs.
This Spanish Baroque palace is one of Lima’s most stunning colonial houses, and it is just a short walk away from the Plaza Mayor. The Torre Tagle Palace is famous for the beautifully carved wooden balconies that adorn its exterior.
Explore the Pachacámac Archaeological Complex if you get the chance.
Pachacámac is a fascinating archaeological site that may be found around 40 kilometers southeast of Lima, in the country of Peru. Before the advent of the Spanish conquistadors, it was a significant religious center where the worship of Pachacámac, the deity of creation, was the primary emphasis.
The archaeological site covers an area of many square kilometers and is home to a wide range of buildings that were constructed over the course of many centuries by a number of civilizations, including the Inca, Wari, and Ychsma peoples. It is thought that development of the site began sometime around the year 200 AD.
A handful of the more notable features of the Pachacámac Archaeological Complex are as follows:
Temples: This archaeological site is home to a number of pyramidal temples and platforms, the majority of which were constructed using Adobe bricks. These include the Temple of the Sun as well as the Temple of Pachacámac, the latter of which is considered to be the holiest component of the site.
The Painted Temple was constructed by the Wari culture and is famous for the paintings that have been preserved inside of it. These murals are among the rare examples of Wari art that have been preserved.
Inca Structures: The Incas, who took over the site in the late 15th century, created a variety of structures, including the Acllawasi, which was a home for selected women who lived a life of celibacy while working for the empire, frequently weaving textiles. The Acllawasi is located in what is now known as the Sacsayhuaman Ruins.
Structures Constructed by the Ychsma People The site also has ancient works by the Ychsma people, such as terraced pyramids, plazas, and urban centers.
Archaeological Museum: The museum at Pachacámac, which first opened its doors in 1965, is home to a wide variety of items that were found during excavations at the site. The many pottery, fabrics, and sculptures that may be seen here provide more insight into the civilizations that once occupied this region of the world.
Pilgrimage Route: Because this location was such a significant hub for pilgrims throughout history, you will find that many of the same pathways are still accessible today.
Take a look around Huaca Pucllana.
There are plenty of other magnificent ancient sites in and around Lima besides Pachacámac. The pyramid known as Huaca Pucllana can be found in the neighborhood of Miraflores. It is composed of seven distinct levels that are staggered one over the other. It was unearthed between 1981 and 1991, having been constructed about the year 500 AD. It previously served as a significant ceremonial center, much as Pachacámac did.
In addition to sacrifices and gifts, rites were carried out on the benches and in the deep pits that are located here. Huts made of clay and adobe may be seen in other regions; they are signs of the administrative section. This pre-Inca edifice provides a fascinating perspective on the ancient history of Lima, offering a glimpse even farther back in time.
When you go on a tour of the Huaca Pucllana, here are a few things to keep in mind:
Exploring the Site The complex may be broken down into two distinct parts: the first is devoted to the ceremonial and ritual components of the site and contains the Great Pyramid; the second is used for administrative purposes. It is highly recommended to go on a guided tour, which lasts approximately an hour and a half, since the guides provide a lot of information about the history of the complex as well as the culture of Lima.
The Pyramid: Thousands of Adobe bricks were used in the construction of the pyramid. Each brick was individually crafted, giving them all their own distinctive form. After that, they were arranged in bookshelf form, which provided the building with the ability to withstand an earthquake.
Artifacts Discovered on the Site During your tour of the site, you will come across a wide range of archaeological artifacts, some of which include pottery, textiles, and tools. Additionally, there is a location where you can see a selection of the human remains that were discovered there.
The location is home to a variety of native animals and birds. It is not unusual to see ducks and fish swimming in the ponds, and the complex is well-known for the large number of Peruvian hairless dogs who live there.
After your tour, you may want to try having lunch at the Huaca Pucllana Restaurant, which is located on site and overlooks the old ruins. It’s a wonderful venue to savor some authentic Peruvian food.
Discover the Sacred Citadel of Caral-Supe via your travels.
Caral-Supe, more often referred to simply as Caral, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is also one of the earliest towns known to have existed in the Americas. Caral was the capital of the Norte Chico civilization, which thrived between the 30th and 18th centuries BC and was located in the Supe Valley in central coastal Peru, some 200 kilometers north of Lima. Caral is located in the Andes Mountains.
Caral – Supe
Principal Characteristics of Caral – Supe
Pyramids Caral-Supe is home to a total of six different huge pyramid buildings, with the Pyramid Mayor standing at a height of 18 meters and being the tallest of the bunch. It is believed that religious and ceremonial activities were performed within the pyramids.
Plazas: The city has a number of plazas, and it’s likely that these plazas served as meeting places in the past. Some of them are sunken, while others take the form of a circle.
Residential Zones: The site also has residential zones, some of which consist of tiny atriums and chambers that were most likely utilized as living areas. The site also contains residential zones.
Amphitheater The city has a circular amphitheater, which may have been used for public meetings or festivities at one point in time.
Archaeological objects Caral-Supe has yielded a wealth of archaeological objects, such as a quipu, which is an old Andean instrument used for recording information; flutes fashioned from the bones of condors and pelicans; and a wide variety of tools and utensils.
Caral is being investigated.
Caral is a working archaeological site, which means that fresh discoveries are being made there all the time. Visitors are normally permitted to stroll about the site and investigate, although because of current excavations, some parts may be off-limits to them. Before you go, you should make sure that you have the most up-to-date information on opening hours, tour availability, and any travel advisories or restrictions that may be in place.
Places of Cultural Interest to See in and Around Lima
Lima, the capital city of Peru, is well-known for the many historical and cultural offerings that can be found there. The city is home to a significant number of cultural institutions, including museums and historical sites. The following is a list of some of the most important cultural and historical attractions that you may want to consider visiting:
Historic Center of Lima This UNESCO World Heritage Site is located in the Historic Center of Lima and comprises a number of important structures and sites, such as the Basilica Cathedral of Lima, the Archbishop’s Palace, and the Presidential Palace. The center is a living reminder of the city’s time as a colony.
This cathedral is a magnificent example of colonial architecture, and it can be seen at Plaza Mayor in Lima. The Basilica Cathedral of Lima The location of the present cathedral, which was constructed in the 18th century, was once home to a number of other cathedrals.
The Monastery of San Francisco is a complex that was constructed in the 17th century and has a church, a monastery, and huge catacombs that were used as burial grounds up until the early 19th century. Notable as well are the library and the collection of works of religious art.
This pre-Columbian art museum, which is privately held, is located in a stunning viceroyal edifice from the 18th century and includes the Museo Larco. This book provides a detailed account of the pre-Columbian history of Peru, which spans over 5,000 years.
In the Miraflores neighborhood of Lima, you’ll find the impressive adobe and clay pyramid known as Huaca Pucllana. It played a significant role in the Lima culture’s evolution by acting as both a ceremonial and administrative hub at that time.
The Barranco District is well known for being the bohemian district of the city. It is also the location of the homes of many of Peru’s most prominent artists, singers, designers, and photographers. The Bridge of Sighs, also known as the Puente de los Suspiros, is a picture-perfect footbridge that can be found right in the middle of the neighborhood.
The National Museum of the Nation, also known as the Museo de la Nación, is one of the two most important museums devoted to Peruvian history in Lima. It begins with the pre-Columbian period and continues up to the present day with the history of Peru.
The headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are located at the Palace of Torre Tagle, which is a Spanish Baroque palace that was constructed during the colonial era.
Pachacamac is an archaeological site that is well worth seeing, despite its location a little way outside of Lima. Before the advent of the Spanish, it was a significant religious site that was devoted to the worship of the god Pachacamac.
The Mario Testino Museum (MATE) is a facility that is not-for-profit and is dedicated to the work of Mario Testino, a well-known fashion photographer from Peru.
Lima’s Newer Attractions to Serve as Tourist Draws
Take a Walk Along the Malecón of the Miraflores Lima Peru
This picture-perfect cliffside is one of the best places to take in the stunning scenery of the Peruvian coast, especially around sunset. The boardwalk that runs along the edge of the cliff has five miles of pathways and bicycle lanes, as well as a number of eateries and cafes. The pathways also pass through the Parque del Amor, which has cute love poems and mosaics for visitors to contemplate while they walk around the park.
Families out for a stroll, individuals out for a jog, parasailers, and more may all be seen at this location! Spend the day taking leisurely strolls down the shore, indulging in some traditional Peruvian cuisine, and appreciating the breathtaking sunsets that occur over the water.
Take a look at the “Circuito Mágico de Agua” (also known as the “Water Magic Circuit”).
Circuito Mágico de Agua, also known as the Magic Water Circuit, is a go-to option for people of all ages who are looking for something low-key to do during the evening hours. It is situated in the Parque de la Reserva and has a total of 13 fountains that are lit up. The water performances at the racetrack are lavish and vibrant in their presentation. It is the largest substantial water fountain complex in any public park, according to the Guinness Book of World Records, which is an international record book.
Sometimes there are interactive exhibits where you can walk through water tunnels, and other times there are educational exhibits with displays that go into further detail on topics that are linked to water. These are just some of the numerous exciting activities that are available for everyone to participate in at the water circuit.
Pay a visit to any one of the numerous museums of art.
Lima, as well as the rest of Peru in general, is home to an extensive range of artistic expressions. They often include works that date back to pre-Columbian times, in addition to works of classical and contemporary art. Wonderful art museums can be found all across the city, and they are excellent places to see works of art.
The Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Lima (MAC Lima), the Museo de Arte de San Marcos, and the Museo Galera Arte Popular de Ayacucho are three museums that are well worth seeing. Lima had a dearth of modern art until the opening of the MAC Lima in 2013, which helped to remedy the situation. They have been able to amass a substantial collection of artwork from both Europe and Latin America.
The Museo de Arte de San Marcos has works of art from a variety of time periods and genres, such as rural art, popular art, portraiture, modern art, and contemporary art. Last but not least, the Museo Galera Arte Popular de Ayacucho displays artworks from the historically important city of Ayacucho, which is noted for the religious art found in its cathedrals.
The few examples that have been shown above are but a taste of the incredible range of magnificent works of art that tourists may enjoy witnessing while they are in Lima.
Try some of the regional ceviche.
When visiting Peru, one must make it a point to sample some of the country’s renowned culinary specialties. After all, Peruvian cuisine is famous around the world. Ceviche, in particular, has made the city of Lima famous across the world. Raw fish is “cooked” in citrus juice, and then it is blended with other raw ingredients to make ceviche.
Because it is such a well-liked dish in the region, the government of Peru established a special day to celebrate ceviche: National Ceviche Day.
There are four different types of eating establishments in Lima where ceviche may be found: restaurants, huariques, marketplaces, and street sellers.
Even if you are not a huge lover of fish, you should at least give the local ceviche a try at least once in order to get a feel for what Lima has to offer.
Barranco is a great place to explore.
Barranco is a wonderful place to visit if you take pleasure in seeing the art areas of other towns. This area has a thriving cultural scene along with mouthwatering cuisine, brightly painted buildings, and a variety of trendy hangout areas that are both picturesque and cool. Barranco is home to a plethora of attractions that are beloved by the community.
The Bridge of Sighs is a well-known sight in the region. Local tradition has it that if you make a wish and don’t breathe while you’re crossing the bridge, your desire will come true.
The area is home to one-of-a-kind works of street art that range from graffiti-like to realistic depictions. You could easily kill an entire day simply wandering the streets and photographing the magnificent murals that are painted on them.
Barranco and Lima Attractions and Activities
Make sure to include a trip to Barranco in your schedule so that you can get a better feel for the cool, artistic atmosphere that permeates this neighborhood of the city.
Experience the view of the city from atop Cerro San Cristóbal.
The ascent to the summit of Cerro San Cristóbal, also known as San Cristobal Hill, is not for the faint of heart. As a result of its height, this hill can be seen from the city center of Lima. It is located in the Rimac district, which is one of the colonial sections of the city. To go to the top of the hill, you will need to take the Urbanito, which is a tourist bus that travels from the outskirts of the city of Lima all the way up to the summit of the hill. It is not advisable for you to drive by yourself.
Remember that the bus trip may get steep and terrifying at several points! The journey is going to be well worth it since the views from the top of the city center of Lima are so breathtaking. Getting on the bus to go to Cerro San Cristóbal is the ideal way to spend your time there if you are looking for an exciting new experience with just a little bit of danger involved.
Have yourself a Pisco Sour.
Pisco sours are quite common in both Chile and Peru, despite the fact that the recipe for making them might vary from one nation to the next. Pisco, lime juice, simple syrup, egg whites, and bitters are the components that go into its preparation in Peru. Because this helps to enhance the taste while also diluting the egg whites, it is sometimes given as a blended beverage. This is done for this reason. You won’t have any trouble locating this delectable beverage at any of Lima’s restaurants or pubs; all that’s left to do is choose your favorite version!
Take a Glide Along the Coast in a Paraglider
Participate in a paragliding excursion over Lima with a group of fellow adventure seekers to get a bird’s-eye perspective of the city from above. This well-liked pastime is the most effective technique to get a bird’s-eye perspective of the many hues and structures spread around the nation’s capital. The Costa Verde Circuit is by far the most well-known location for this activity. You may go airborne quickly and easily by renting a hang glider or a paraglider along the coastline. The views take in the sea, some rocks, some houses, and even some visitors!
Go, Mansion Hopping
Although most people would consider this kind of conduct to be strange, it is not unheard of in Lima. Expensive colonial homes dot the landscape of the city; many of them are in disrepair and have been abandoned over the years. However, a good number of them are still in excellent condition and provide a first-person look into the dwellings of a great number of colonists who lived during that period. The vast majority of the mansions may be toured via the respective agencies or by making an appointment. You should check out any of these structures if you have an interest in architecture or if you want to learn more about the history of Lima.